Delphi 获取CPU使用单元文件


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Delphi 获取CPU使用单元文件
unit UnitCPU;

interface

uses
Windows, SysUtils;

// Call CollectCPUData to refresh information about CPU usage
procedure CollectCPUData;
// Call it to obtain the number of CPU's in the system
function GetCPUCount: integer;
// Call it to obtain the % of usage for given CPU
function GetCPUUsage(Index: integer): double;
// For Win9x only: call it to stop CPU usage monitoring and free system resources
procedure ReleaseCPUData;

implementation

type
PInt64 = ^TInt64;
TInt64 = int64;

type
TPERF_DATA_BLOCK = record
Signature: array[0..4 - 1] of WCHAR;
LittleEndian: DWORD;
Version: DWORD;
Revision: DWORD;
TotalByteLength: DWORD;
HeaderLength: DWORD;
NumObjectTypes: DWORD;
DefaultObject: longint;
SystemTime: TSystemTime;
Reserved: DWORD;
PerfTime: TInt64;
PerfFreq: TInt64;
PerfTime100nSec: TInt64;
SystemNameLength: DWORD;
SystemNameOffset: DWORD;
end;
PPERF_DATA_BLOCK = ^TPERF_DATA_BLOCK;

TPERF_OBJECT_TYPE = record
TotalByteLength: DWORD;
DefinitionLength: DWORD;
HeaderLength: DWORD;
ObjectNameTitleIndex: DWORD;
ObjectNameTitle: LPWSTR;
ObjectHelpTitleIndex: DWORD;
ObjectHelpTitle: LPWSTR;
DetailLevel: DWORD;
NumCounters: DWORD;
DefaultCounter: longint;
NumInstances: longint;
CodePage: DWORD;
PerfTime: TInt64;
PerfFreq: TInt64;
end;
PPERF_OBJECT_TYPE = ^TPERF_OBJECT_TYPE;

type
TPERF_COUNTER_DEFINITION = record
ByteLength: DWORD;
CounterNameTitleIndex: DWORD;
CounterNameTitle: LPWSTR;
CounterHelpTitleIndex: DWORD;
CounterHelpTitle: LPWSTR;
DefaultScale: longint;
DetailLevel: DWORD;
CounterType: DWORD;
CounterSize: DWORD;
CounterOffset: DWORD;
end;
PPERF_COUNTER_DEFINITION = ^TPERF_COUNTER_DEFINITION;

TPERF_COUNTER_BLOCK = record
ByteLength: DWORD;
end;
PPERF_COUNTER_BLOCK = ^TPERF_COUNTER_BLOCK;

TPERF_INSTANCE_DEFINITION = record
ByteLength: DWORD;
ParentObjectTitleIndex: DWORD;
ParentObjectInstance: DWORD;
UniqueID: longint;
NameOffset: DWORD;
NameLength: DWORD;
end;
PPERF_INSTANCE_DEFINITION = ^TPERF_INSTANCE_DEFINITION;

type
TInt64F = TInt64;

type
FInt64 = TInt64F;
Int64D = TInt64;
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
const
Processor_IDX_Str = '238';
Processor_IDX = 238;
CPUUsageIDX = 6;

type
AInt64F = array[0..$FFFF] of TInt64F;
PAInt64F = ^AInt64F;

var
_PerfData: PPERF_DATA_BLOCK;
_BufferSize: integer;
_POT: PPERF_OBJECT_TYPE;
_PCD: PPerf_Counter_Definition;
_ProcessorsCount: integer;
_Counters: PAInt64F;
_PrevCounters: PAInt64F;
_SysTime: TInt64F;
_PrevSysTime: TInt64F;
_IsWinNT: boolean;
_W9xCollecting: boolean;
_W9xCpuUsage: DWORD;
_W9xCpuKey: HKEY;
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
function GetCPUCount: integer;
begin
if _IsWinNT then
begin
if _ProcessorsCount < 0 then
CollectCPUData;
Result := _ProcessorsCount;
end else
begin
Result := 1;
end;
end;
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
procedure ReleaseCPUData;
var
H: HKEY;
R: DWORD;
dwDataSize, dwType: DWORD;
begin
if _IsWinNT then
exit;
if not _W9xCollecting then
exit;
_W9xCollecting := False;
RegCloseKey(_W9xCpuKey);
R := RegOpenKeyEx(HKEY_DYN_DATA, 'PerfStats\StopStat', 0, KEY_ALL_ACCESS, H);
if R <> ERROR_SUCCESS then
exit;
dwDataSize := sizeof(DWORD);
RegQueryValueEx(H, 'KERNEL\CPUUsage', nil, @dwType, PBYTE(@_W9xCpuUsage),
@dwDataSize);
RegCloseKey(H);
end;
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
function GetCPUUsage(Index: integer): double;
begin
if _IsWinNT then
begin
if _ProcessorsCount < 0 then
CollectCPUData;
if (Index >= _ProcessorsCount) or (Index < 0) then
raise Exception.Create('CPU index out of bounds');
if _PrevSysTime = _SysTime then
Result := 0
else
Result := 1 - (_Counters[index] - _PrevCounters[index]) / (_SysTime - _PrevSysTime);
end else
begin
if Index <> 0 then
raise Exception.Create('CPU index out of bounds');
if not _W9xCollecting then
CollectCPUData;
Result := _W9xCpuUsage / 100;
end;
end;

var
VI: TOSVERSIONINFO;
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
procedure CollectCPUData;
var
BS: integer;
i: integer;
_PCB_Instance: PPERF_COUNTER_BLOCK;
_PID_Instance: PPERF_INSTANCE_DEFINITION;
ST: TFileTime;
var
H: HKEY;
R: DWORD;
dwDataSize, dwType: DWORD;
begin
if _IsWinNT then
begin
BS := _BufferSize;
while RegQueryValueEx(HKEY_PERFORMANCE_DATA, Processor_IDX_Str,
nil, nil, PByte(_PerfData), @BS) = ERROR_MORE_DATA do
begin
// Get a buffer that is big enough.
Inc(_BufferSize, $1000);
BS := _BufferSize;
ReallocMem(_PerfData, _BufferSize);
end;
// Locate the performance object
_POT := PPERF_OBJECT_TYPE(DWORD(_PerfData) + _PerfData.HeaderLength);
for i := 1 to _PerfData.NumObjectTypes do
begin
if _POT.ObjectNameTitleIndex = Processor_IDX then
Break;
_POT := PPERF_OBJECT_TYPE(DWORD(_POT) + _POT.TotalByteLength);
end;
// Check for success
if _POT.ObjectNameTitleIndex <> Processor_IDX then
raise Exception.Create(
'Unable to locate the "Processor" performance object');
if _ProcessorsCount < 0 then
begin
_ProcessorsCount := _POT.NumInstances;
GetMem(_Counters, _ProcessorsCount * SizeOf(TInt64));
GetMem(_PrevCounters, _ProcessorsCount * SizeOf(TInt64));
end;
// Locate the "% CPU usage" counter definition
_PCD := PPERF_Counter_DEFINITION(DWORD(_POT) + _POT.HeaderLength);
for i := 1 to _POT.NumCounters do
begin
if _PCD.CounterNameTitleIndex = CPUUsageIDX then
break;
_PCD := PPERF_COUNTER_DEFINITION(DWORD(_PCD) + _PCD.ByteLength);
end;
// Check for success
if _PCD.CounterNameTitleIndex <> CPUUsageIDX then
raise Exception.Create(
'Unable to locate the "% of CPU usage" performance counter');
// Collecting coutners
_PID_Instance := PPERF_INSTANCE_DEFINITION(DWORD(_POT) + _POT.DefinitionLength);
for i := 0 to _ProcessorsCount - 1 do
begin
_PCB_Instance := PPERF_COUNTER_BLOCK(DWORD(_PID_Instance) +
_PID_Instance.ByteLength);
_PrevCounters[i] := _Counters[i];
_Counters[i] := FInt64(PInt64(DWORD(_PCB_Instance) + _PCD.CounterOffset)^);
_PID_Instance := PPERF_INSTANCE_DEFINITION(DWORD(_PCB_Instance) +
_PCB_Instance.ByteLength);
end;
_PrevSysTime := _SysTime;
SystemTimeToFileTime(_PerfData.SystemTime, ST);
_SysTime := FInt64(TInt64(ST));
end else
begin
if not _W9xCollecting then
begin
R := RegOpenKeyEx(HKEY_DYN_DATA, 'PerfStats\StartStat',
0, KEY_ALL_ACCESS, H);
if R <> ERROR_SUCCESS then
raise Exception.Create('Unable to start performance monitoring');
dwDataSize := sizeof(DWORD);
RegQueryValueEx(H, 'KERNEL\CPUUsage', nil, @dwType,
PBYTE(@_W9xCpuUsage), @dwDataSize);
RegCloseKey(H);
R := RegOpenKeyEx(HKEY_DYN_DATA, 'PerfStats\StatData',
0, KEY_READ, _W9xCpuKey);
if R <> ERROR_SUCCESS then
raise Exception.Create('Unable to read performance data');
_W9xCollecting := True;
end;
dwDataSize := sizeof(DWORD);
RegQueryValueEx(_W9xCpuKey, 'KERNEL\CPUUsage', nil, @dwType,
PBYTE(@_W9xCpuUsage), @dwDataSize);
end;
end;

initialization
_ProcessorsCount := -1;
_BufferSize := $2000;
_PerfData := AllocMem(_BufferSize);
VI.dwOSVersionInfoSize := SizeOf(VI);
if not GetVersionEx(VI) then
raise Exception.Create('Can''t get the Windows version');
_IsWinNT := VI.dwPlatformId = VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT;

finalization
ReleaseCPUData;
FreeMem(_PerfData);
end.

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